Breaking News
April 19, 2019 - Pfizer Announces Presentation of Data from a Phase 2 Study of its 20-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Candidate Being Investigated for the Prevention of Invasive Disease and Pneumonia in Adults Aged 18 Years and Older
April 19, 2019 - Exercise can improve non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
April 19, 2019 - KZFPs play a key role in the regulation of human genome
April 19, 2019 - Extracts of ginkgo seeds show antibacterial activity on pathogens that cause skin infections
April 19, 2019 - Exercises and swimming goggles may reduce adverse effects on eye during long spaceflights
April 19, 2019 - Review suggests a reciprocal relationship between obesity and self-control
April 19, 2019 - Study identifies how enterococci bacteria cause antibiotic-resistant bloodstream infections
April 19, 2019 - Triple negative breast cancer develop resistance to chemotherapy by turning on molecular pathway
April 19, 2019 - Researchers identify key clues to brain and pancreas development
April 19, 2019 - Metformin May Cut Risk for Prematurity, Miscarriage in PCOS
April 19, 2019 - Obese mouse mothers trigger heart problems in offspring
April 19, 2019 - Research sheds light on how leukemia cells become resistant to drugs
April 19, 2019 - Health Tip: Stopping Nosebleeds – Drugs.com MedNews
April 19, 2019 - Pediatric endocrinologist gives iconic ‘Mona Lisa’ a second medical opinion
April 19, 2019 - Tapping patients’ wisdom for C-section pain management
April 18, 2019 - Why have autism rates ‘exploded’ in New Jersey?
April 18, 2019 - Microbiome science may help doctors to improve treatment for children with IBS
April 18, 2019 - New gene therapy cures babies with fatal ‘Bubble Boy’ disease
April 18, 2019 - No female mice? Scientists may still approve NIH grant
April 18, 2019 - What needs to be said about mental health in medicine
April 18, 2019 - Hickenlooper Expanded Medicaid, Created State-Run Marketplace To Insure Nearly All Coloradans
April 18, 2019 - Cancer cells grown in tumor-mimicking environment can help predict the effect of experimental drugs
April 18, 2019 - Albireo Announces FDA Clearance of IND to Commence Phase 2 Trial of Elobixibat for the Treatment of NAFLD/NASH
April 18, 2019 - Adhesive gel bonds to eye surface, could repair injuries without surgery
April 18, 2019 - The future of genomics: A podcast featuring Stanford geneticists
April 18, 2019 - As Syphilis Invades Rural America, A Fraying Health Safety Net Is Failing To Stop It
April 18, 2019 - APOE gene impacts sleep depending on gender and severity of Alzheimer’s
April 18, 2019 - PCORI’s newly approved awards focus on cancer pain and opioid use disorders
April 18, 2019 - New tool provides a standard way to measure effects of caring for survivors of TBI
April 18, 2019 - Smartphone use risks eye examination misdiagnosis
April 18, 2019 - How drug-resistant bugs grow in CF patients’ lungs
April 18, 2019 - Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic Elected to American Academy of Arts & Sciences
April 18, 2019 - Podcast: KHN’s ‘What The Health?’ You Have Questions, We Have Answers
April 18, 2019 - Diabetic drug shows potential to be repurposed as heart disease treatment for non-diabetic patients
April 18, 2019 - New estimation method assesses natural variations in sex ratio at birth
April 18, 2019 - UTA scientist receives $1.17 million grant for cancer research
April 18, 2019 - Coagulation factor VIIa prevents bleeds in hemophilia animal models
April 18, 2019 - Researchers identify risk factors for severe infection after knee replacement
April 18, 2019 - Mass drug administration can offer community-level protection against malaria
April 18, 2019 - FDA’s added sugar label could have substantial health and cost-saving benefits
April 18, 2019 - Researchers identify cause of inherited metabolic disorder
April 18, 2019 - Single strip of white paint not sufficient to protect people who ride bikes
April 18, 2019 - Partner status influences link between sexual problems and self-efficacy in breast cancer survivors
April 18, 2019 - Colorectal Neoplasia Risk Up for Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors
April 18, 2019 - Rigid spine muscular dystrophy – Genetics Home Reference
April 18, 2019 - Simple bile acid blood test could tell risk of stillbirth
April 18, 2019 - Center for Experimental Therapeutics aims to enable all steps of drug development | News Center
April 18, 2019 - Falling for telephone scams could be an early sign of dementia
April 18, 2019 - Researchers annotate key neuronal proteins in lamprey genome
April 18, 2019 - Study uncovers new biomarker for personalized cancer treatments
April 18, 2019 - Scientists enter research collaboration to find a cure for cancer
April 18, 2019 - Study to compare benefits of tai chi and mindfulness meditation on MS symptoms
April 18, 2019 - Gestational diabetes during pregnancy may increase risk of type 1 diabetes in children
April 18, 2019 - Maternal age has no effect on IVF success, conclude researchers
April 18, 2019 - Is a New Remedy for Body Odor on the Horizon?
April 18, 2019 - Orthostatic hypotension – Genetics Home Reference
April 18, 2019 - Healing the heartbreak of stillbirth and newborn death
April 18, 2019 - New study calls healthiness of eggs into question
April 18, 2019 - Conference to highlight advances in human immune monitoring, bioinformatics | News Center
April 18, 2019 - Bacteria use viruses for self-recognition, study reveals
April 18, 2019 - New adhesive patch could help reduce post-heart attack muscle damage
April 18, 2019 - Researchers analyze the effects of dark play in a serious video game
April 18, 2019 - Scientists revive pig brain cells four hours after death
April 18, 2019 - Filial cannibalism and offspring abandonment may be forms of parental care
April 18, 2019 - Two proteins act in concert to maintain a healthy heart in mice, shows study
April 18, 2019 - Scientists create a functioning 3D printed heart
April 18, 2019 - Non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation improves disease symptoms in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
April 18, 2019 - Majority of men struggle to understand diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer
April 18, 2019 - Researchers create new small molecules that may combat equine encephalitis viruses
April 18, 2019 - Animal-assisted therapy improves social behavior in patients with brain injuries
April 18, 2019 - Some viruses help protect harmful bacteria in CF patients | News Center
April 18, 2019 - Outpatient healthcare providers inappropriately prescribe antibiotics to 40% of patients
April 18, 2019 - Men who have a resting heart rate of 75 bpm are twice as likely to die early
April 18, 2019 - Novel serum biomarkers to detect NAFLD-related fibrosis
April 18, 2019 - New study delves deeper into individual genomic differences than ever before
April 18, 2019 - Gilead and Galapagos Announce Filgotinib Meets Primary Endpoint in the Phase 3 FINCH 3 Study in Methotrexate-Naïve Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
April 18, 2019 - Emotional mirror neurons found in rats
April 18, 2019 - Sylvia Plevritis appointed chair of biomedical data science | News Center
April 18, 2019 - Cervical cancer subtype increasing in several subpopulations of women
April 18, 2019 - Yeast strain provides manufacturing boost to low-calorie sweetener derived from lactose
Geographical range of vector-borne diseases expands rapidly, shows research

Geographical range of vector-borne diseases expands rapidly, shows research

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

New research presented at this year’s European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, Netherlands (13-16 April) shows that the geographical range of vector-borne diseases such as chikungunya, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is expanding rapidly.

Spurred on by climate change and international travel and trade, vector-borne disease outbreaks are set to increase across much of Europe over the next few decades–and not just in the temperate countries around the Mediterranean. Even previously unaffected areas in higher latitudes and altitudes, including some parts of northern Europe, could see an increase in outbreaks unless action is taken to improve surveillance and data sharing, and to monitor environmental and climatic precursors to outbreaks, alongside other preventive measures.

“Climate change is not the only or even the main factor driving the increase in vector-borne diseases across Europe, but it is one of many factors alongside globalization, socioeconomic development, urbanization, and widespread land-use change which need to be addressed to limit the importation and spread of these diseases”, says Professor Jan Semenza from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden.

“The stark reality is that longer hot seasons will enlarge the seasonal window for the potential spread of vector-borne diseases and favor larger outbreaks”, says Dr Giovanni Rezza, Director of the Department of Infectious Diseases at the Istituto Superiore di Sanitá in Rome, Italy. “We must be prepared to deal with these tropical infections. Lessons from recent outbreaks of West Nile virus in North America and chikungunya in the Caribbean and Italy highlight the importance of assessing future vector-borne disease risks and preparing contingencies for future outbreaks.”

However, the authors caution, that given the complicated interplay between multiple drivers (eg, warming temperatures and international travel), weather sensitive pathogens, and climate-change adaption, projecting the future burden of disease is difficult.

Global warming has allowed mosquitoes, ticks and other disease-carrying insects to proliferate, adapt to different seasons, and invade new territories across Europe over the past decade–with accompanying outbreaks of dengue in France and Croatia, malaria in Greece, West Nile Fever in Southeast Europe, and chikungunya virus in Italy and France.

Worryingly, the authors say, this might only be the tip of the iceberg. “Mediterranean Europe is now a part-time tropical region, where competent vectors like the Tiger mosquito are already established”, says Dr Rezza.

Hotter and wetter weather could provide ideal conditions for the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus), which spreads the viruses that cause dengue and chikungunya, to breed and expand across large parts of Europe including the south and east of the UK and central Europe.

Previously dengue transmission was largely confined to tropical and subtropical regions because freezing temperatures kill the mosquito’s larvae and eggs, but longer hot seasons could enable A albopictus to survive and spread across much of Europe within decades, researchers say.

The European climate is already suitable for the transmission of Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis which are spread by ticks (primarily Ixodes ricinus)–with an estimated 65,000 cases of Lyme borreliosis a year in the European Union, and a 400% rise in reported cases of TBE in European endemic areas over the past 30 years (partly due to enhanced surveillance and diagnosis).

In the future, warmer winter temperatures, longer growing seasons, and earlier hotter summers could make conditions more favorable for ticks and increase the range of deer host populations, say the authors. Climate change models indicate that by 2040-2060, there could be a 3.8% growth in the habitat of Ixodes ricinus in Europe, with Scandinavia anticipated to be most at risk.

Moreover, improved climate conditions for sandflies–the main carrier of Leishmaniasis–could extend their geographical spread to southern parts of the UK, France, and Germany by the end of the 2060s.

“Given the ongoing spread of invasive mosquitoes and other vectors across Europe, we must anticipate outbreaks and move to intervene early”, says Professor Semenza. “Public health agencies need to improve surveillance, for example through early warning systems, increase awareness of the potential risks among healthcare workers and the general public, as well as adopt innovative control strategies such as community interventions.”

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles