Download PDF Granulomas are tissue nodules of immune cells that occur in diseases such as tuberculosis and sarcoidosis and can damage many organs. For the first time, a team of researchers at MedUni Vienna has identified what causes them to form. It is the chronic activation of the metabolic sensor mTOR (mammalian Target Of Rapamycin) […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Healthy young people may be able to help prevent the onset of high blood pressure by eating diets rich in omega-3 fatty acids, according to a preliminary study presented at the American Heart Association\’s Scientific Sessions 2016. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats, mostly found in fish and some types of plant oils. […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF A global review of school-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and pregnancy in adolescents shows sex education programmes have no impact in lowering numbers of young people affected, although staying on at school can reduce pregnancy and some STIs. Researchers from the University of York, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Chemotherapy drug cisplatin is used to treat breast, prostate, neuroblastoma, melanoma and many other cancers. The chemotherapy drug cisplatin can kill cancer, but it can also cause permanent hearing loss. The drug can kill the sensory cells of the inner ear, a phenomenon that is likely more severe in individuals with Cockayne syndrome, […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Migraine is the third commonest disorder in the world and ranks sixth amongst more than 300 diseases when it comes to the burden it represents. \”Determining the factors that trigger migraine attacks is an important, albeit difficult, step in managing migraine,\” explains Christian Wöber, head of the section specializing in headaches at MedUni […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Chronic kidney disease affects millions of people in the United States each year. New research points to a circulating protein that may be responsible for the decline in kidney function. New research suggests that the Klotho protein may be responsible for chronic kidney disease. The Greek goddess Klotho was responsible for spinning the […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF There are four globally endemic human coronaviruses which, together with the better known rhinoviruses, are responsible for causing common colds. Usually, infections with these viruses are harmless to humans. DZIF Professor Christian Drosten, Institute of Virology at the University Hospital of Bonn, and his research team have now found the source of \”HCoV-229E\”, […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Male mice infected with a mouse-adapted strain of Zika virus can experience tissue injury associated with decreased testis size and reduced levels of two sex hormones and of sperm cells in the seminal fluid, a Nature paper reports. Longitudinal studies of sperm function and viability in humans infected with Zika virus are needed […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have shown that the core of the protein clumps found in the brains of people with Huntington\’s disease have a distinctive structure, a finding that could shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the neurodegenerative disorder. The findings were published this week in the […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Many of us were told to \”eat our greens\” as children. Now, new research suggests that we should eat our microgreens, after finding that the red cabbage variety of the tiny vegetable may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Researchers found that red cabbage microgreens significantly reduced circulating levels of \’bad\’ cholesterol in […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF United States\’ out-of-hospital births increased to nearly 60,000 in 2014, continuing a decade-long increase. Data from the National Center for Health Statistics indicates that out-of-hospital births increased from 0.87% of US births in 2004 to 1.50% in 2014, an increase of 72%. Out-of-hospital birth rates increased for all race/ethnic groups, but most rapidly […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF Gout is on the rise among U.S. men and women, and this piercingly painful and most common form of inflammatory arthritis is turning out to be more complicated than had been thought. The standard way to check for gout is by drawing fluid or tissue from an affected joint and looking for uric […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF The bacteria that inhabit our gut digest food and produce metabolites that can have a marked effect on the heart and blood vessels. Researchers have found that measuring the levels of a molecule called trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) that is produced by the gut bacteria from components of red meat, eggs and diary products […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF By solving a long standing scientific mystery, the common saying \”you just hit a nerve\” might need to be updated to \”you just hit a Merkel cell,\” jokes Jianguo Gu, PhD, a pain researcher at the University of Cincinnati (UC). That\’s because Gu and his research colleagues have proved that Merkel cells – […]Continue Reading ...
Download PDF An enterprising researcher from The University of Manchester has developed a prototype tool that could help transform the lives of the blind and visually impaired. Vasileios Tsormpatzoudis has upgraded the white cane – which has been used as a mobility tool for centuries – by adding a low-cost embedded computer that functions in […]Continue Reading ...
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