Breaking News
April 23, 2018 - Eating fish could prevent Parkinson’s disease
April 23, 2018 - Key factor in development of Parkinson’s disease identified
April 23, 2018 - Higher consumption of fish linked to better neurological health
April 23, 2018 - Genevac announces HT Series 3 evaporators with Inert Gas Purge option
April 23, 2018 - Researchers clarify immune response for patients with breast cancer brain metastases
April 23, 2018 - Polypharmacy More Likely for Cancer Survivors
April 23, 2018 - Obesity is shifting cancer to young adults
April 23, 2018 - Scientists illustrate role of novel chromosomal mutations in fosfomycin resistance
April 23, 2018 - Newly developed drug compound may help treat Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
April 23, 2018 - Marriage Means ‘I Do’ for Skin Cancer Detection
April 23, 2018 - Freezing hunger-signaling nerve may help ignite weight loss
April 23, 2018 - Wear exoskeletons with caution for heavy lifting, researchers say
April 23, 2018 - Research offers new hope for healing wounds in patients with diabetes
April 23, 2018 - Shorter courses of radiotherapy found to be safe, effective for prostate cancer patients
April 23, 2018 - Scientists use CRISPR tool to make multiple edits to DNA samples ‘in vitro’
April 23, 2018 - Knee reconstructions are on the rise among the youth in Australia
April 23, 2018 - Artificial sweeteners linked to obesity warn researchers
April 23, 2018 - CDC seeking $400 million to replace lab for deadliest germs
April 23, 2018 - Sensirion to present single-use liquid flow sensor at COMPAMED 2017
April 23, 2018 - FDA approves contact lenses that shade the sun
April 22, 2018 - Concussion recovery and symptom severity found to vary between men and women
April 22, 2018 - C. Difficile Risk Higher With Stoma Reversal Versus Colectomy
April 22, 2018 - Repeated ranibizumab doesn’t impair macular perfusion
April 22, 2018 - New microscope reveals how cells behave in 3D and real time inside living organisms
April 22, 2018 - Study shows clinical benefit and monetary gains of weight-loss surgery
April 22, 2018 - GNA Biosolutions launches world’s first Laser PCR platform at Medica Trade Fair
April 22, 2018 - Researchers present simulation model to investigate hospital responsiveness to mass casualty incidents
April 22, 2018 - Does Pot Really Dull a Teen’s Brain?
April 22, 2018 - Controversial pregnancy test drug shows deformities in zebrafish embryos within hours of exposure
April 22, 2018 - New research partnership makes childbirth safer in Mozambique
April 22, 2018 - Brief bedside visual art intervention reduces pain, anxiety in cancer patients
April 22, 2018 - The memory part of the brain may also hold clues for anxiety and depression
April 22, 2018 - AYOXXA to develop multiplex immunoassay to support treatment of sepsis patients
April 22, 2018 - New Drug Combo Ups Survival in HER2/neu Uterine Serous Cancer
April 22, 2018 - Researchers chart a new way to look at concussion
April 22, 2018 - Every parent needs to know fundamental red flags for autism
April 22, 2018 - Anatotemp expands anatomic dental implant healing abutments with 4Side anti-rotational connection
April 22, 2018 - Gene Twist Can Make Your Blood Pressure Spike From Salt
April 22, 2018 - Study suggests failed osteoarthritis drug could help treat opioid addiction
April 22, 2018 - More Americans aware of growing problem of opioid addiction
April 22, 2018 - KHN’s ‘What the Health?’ Nothing in health care ever goes away
April 22, 2018 - BGS to promote high-quality sterilization services at Health GB in Manchester
April 22, 2018 - New integrated POC tool detects biomarkers of heart failure rapidly and precisely
April 22, 2018 - Direct electrical current can be delivered to nerves for blocking pain signals
April 22, 2018 - Newly Published Phase 2 Study Found Esketamine Demonstrated Significantly Rapid Improvements in Depressive Symptoms and Suicidality
April 22, 2018 - Healthy red blood cells owe their shape to muscle-like structures
April 22, 2018 - Researchers present case study of management of rheumatic mitral regurgitation in woman contemplating pregnancy
April 22, 2018 - New black Porvair Krystal UV Quartz microplates for Circular Dichroism measurements
April 22, 2018 - Advanced flow chemistry modules enhance control of nanoprecipitation
April 22, 2018 - Look! Down in the petri dish! It’s a superplatelet!
April 22, 2018 - Research reveals why people with tetraplegia more likely to suffer from sleep apnea
April 21, 2018 - New non-invasive nerve stimulation may offer relief for people with hand tremor
April 21, 2018 - Smartphone App May Up Medication Adherence in HTN
April 21, 2018 - Western diet depletes artery-protecting immune cells
April 21, 2018 - Excelitas Technologies launches new powerful LED light source for fluorescence microscopy
April 21, 2018 - Academia and high tech companies join forces to increase production capacity for microfluidic systems
April 21, 2018 - Developing cooking skills as young adult may have long-term health benefits
April 21, 2018 - Study compares survival outcomes of different drugs for type 2 diabetes
April 21, 2018 - More Than 40 Percent of Americans Breathe Dirty Air: Report
April 21, 2018 - Obstructive sleep apnea – Genetics Home Reference
April 21, 2018 - More evidence shows exposure to traffic and outdoor air pollution increases risk of asthma
April 21, 2018 - Novel gold nanoparticle technology could guide cancer treatment in real-time
April 21, 2018 - News coverage of Ebola impacted public’s perception on disease and survivors
April 21, 2018 - S.Africa’s DIY battle against HIV
April 21, 2018 - Children with autism have gastrointestinal and immune system deregulation, research finds
April 21, 2018 - Human brain processes sight and sound in the same way, shows study
April 21, 2018 - Evolutionary history of tumor helps predict severity of prostate cancer
April 21, 2018 - Pepper plant metabolizes antibiotic in personal care products
April 21, 2018 - Tradeshow Talks with Integra
April 21, 2018 - EPFL becomes part of Chan Zuckerberg’s project to develop Human Cell Atlas
April 21, 2018 - Pfizer Announces Positive Topline Results From Phase 3 ATTR-ACT Study Of Tafamidis In Patients With Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy
April 21, 2018 - Breaking through the HIV vaccine ‘logjam’
April 21, 2018 - IntelliCyt introduces new QSol buffer to enable robust, consistent sampling
April 21, 2018 - Scientists publish comprehensive lineage tree of whole adult animal in Science journal
April 21, 2018 - Innovative method based on FluidFM technology could revolutionize biological research
April 21, 2018 - Americans world’s biggest TV addicts, watching four hours a day
April 21, 2018 - Investigational drug may help increase protein levels in babies with spinal muscular atrophy
April 21, 2018 - Study shows distinctions between age groups in predicting and responding to stress at home
April 21, 2018 - Aziyo Biologics, BIOTRONIK enter into US co-distribution agreement
April 21, 2018 - Opiate Use Linked to Early Mortality in IBD Patients
Context and distraction skew what we think and take into accout

Context and distraction skew what we think and take into accout

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
Context can modify one thing as elementary as our skill to estimate the weights of easy items. Credit score: Michigan Technological College

Context can modify one thing as elementary as our skill to estimate the weights of easy items. As we learn how to manipulate the ones items, context may also tease out the interaction of 2 reminiscence techniques.

Context will not be the whole lot, however it is correct up there with content material in relation to our reminiscences. Kevin Trewartha, an assistant professor of each cognitive science and kinesiology at Michigan Technological College, is the lead creator on a contemporary learn about about linking movements and items, revealed in Cognition.

Trewartha provides an instance from actual lifestyles, appearing what may just occur whilst you heave up an empty suitcase that you just assume is complete. He bends over, grasps an invisible maintain, and staggers backward as his hand flies over his head.

“Subsequent time you attempted this, you almost certainly would not pull so laborious,” Trewartha says.

Weighty Reminiscence

That forceful first yank is knowledgeable through our subconscious reminiscence, which the mind builds from an entire life of reviews that educate us that a large suitcase within the trunk of a automotive goes to be heavy. However what if there have been a 2d suitcase? As you succeed in for it, a 2d device, the mindful reminiscence, would kick in; your shoulder-straining enjoy with that first suitcase would possibly lead you to ease the second extra tentatively out of the automobile.

Believe a unique context: if somebody else passed you the second one suitcase, would you are expecting it to be gentle? And the way would you arrange the second one suitcase if a police officer had been ordering you to transport your automotive out of the no-parking zone on the airport when you had been unloading your mother’s baggage?

Because it seems, Trewartha found out, the context through which we enjoy weighty items does impact how we replace our reminiscences, each mindful and subconscious.

Trewartha started through asking human topics to maintain two easy plastic cylinders which, like the primary suitcase, weren’t what they gave the impression. Even though equivalent in weight, one was once a lot smaller than the opposite. The members now not handiest lifted the weights, additionally they had them put on their fingers. After each and every check, the topics estimated the cylinders’ relative weights.

Measurement-Weight Phantasm

Experiments like this have lengthy proven that individuals understand the smaller cylinder to be heavier than it’s, one thing referred to as the size-weight phantasm. That phantasm can steadily disappear when folks again and again maintain a unique set of items with sudden weights. Whilst they appear to be the weight-illusion items, one is small however heavy, and the opposite is big however gentle.

When Trewartha had his members maintain that 2d set of inversely weighted cylinders, they were given higher at estimating the relative weight of the primary two cylinders—however handiest once they treated each units of cylinders in the similar means. As an example, in the event that they lifted each units, the size-weight phantasm decreased, they usually were given higher at estimating the relative weight of the primary set. But when they lifted the primary set and had the second one set put on their fingers, the size-weight phantasm persevered.

“We confirmed that you just handiest cut back the size-weight phantasm when you enjoy the weight-illusion items in the similar means that you just enjoy the in a different way weighted items,” Trewartha mentioned. “This means that the subconscious reminiscences rely on context, that the mind maintains multiple illustration in regards to the courting between length and weight, with little or no crosstalk.”

Distractions and Multitasking

To look if distractions (just like the cop on the airport) may just impact reminiscence, he had probably the most topics do a easy subtraction downside as they manipulated the items.

He discovered that the distraction had little relating how the temporarily the size-weight phantasm was once diminished, for the reason that phantasm will depend on subconscious reminiscence—one thing you be told with out fascinated by it. However it did throw a wrench into the mindful reminiscence, which informs movements comparable to lifting: topics who did the maths needed to follow longer prior to they had been in a position to boost their items easily.

“This provides to our working out of the way those two complementary reminiscence techniques impact how we engage with items,” Trewartha mentioned.

The learn about might also make clear the long-term results of multitasking. Whilst distractions would possibly now not intrude an excessive amount of with development subconscious reminiscences, they is also protecting us from growing the tough internet of mindful reminiscences we use to keep in mind particular reviews.


Discover additional:
Weight of object now not a topic when figuring out left or right-handedness

Additional info:
Kevin M. Trewartha et al. Linking movements and items: Context-specific studying of novel weight priors, Cognition (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2017.02.zero14

Magazine reference:
Cognition

Equipped through:
Michigan Technological College

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles