Breaking News
September 25, 2018 - Gene therapy approach could help treat mitochondrial diseases
September 25, 2018 - Few Yogurt Products Qualify As Low-Sugar
September 25, 2018 - Eye disease can cause blindness, and it’s on the rise
September 25, 2018 - Pawnshop density linked to gun-related suicides, Stanford study finds
September 25, 2018 - Pioneering procedure for common prostate condition offered by The London Clinic
September 25, 2018 - Number of people with respiratory diseases likely to increase if UK air pollution remains unchecked
September 25, 2018 - FARXIGA receives positive results in Phase III DECLARE-TIMI 58 cardiovascular outcomes trial
September 25, 2018 - New program to reduce harmful stress effectively improves mood in cancer patients
September 24, 2018 - Florence’s Lingering Threat: Mold – Drugs.com MedNews
September 24, 2018 - For professional baseball players, faster hand-eye coordination linked to batting performance
September 24, 2018 - Bill for later school start times is defeated, but Stanford sleep specialist isn’t
September 24, 2018 - For Heart Failure Patients, Mitral Valve Procedure Improved Outcomes
September 24, 2018 - Successful recovery from addiction means more than achieving abstinence
September 24, 2018 - New nanoplatform technology may reverse drug-resistance in renal cell carcinoma
September 24, 2018 - October 1918 marks the centenary of Spanish Flu that claimed more lives than World War I
September 24, 2018 - LGBT community reports more number of poor mental health days than general population
September 24, 2018 - New research suggests power of zebrafish as tool for cancer drug discovery
September 24, 2018 - New study finds height as possible risk factor for developing varicose veins
September 24, 2018 - Researchers compare weight loss results of online and in-person diabetes prevention program
September 24, 2018 - New HER2 PET Study Uses Affibody’s ABY-025 Tracer to Individualize Breast Cancer Treatment
September 24, 2018 - Drug combination offers more effective care for patients suffering miscarriage
September 24, 2018 - Tallness linked to varicose veins, Stanford study says
September 24, 2018 - For Heart Failure Patients, Mitral Valve Procedure Improved Outcomes
September 24, 2018 - Ecstasy drug makes octopuses more social
September 24, 2018 - Immediate compression therapy could cut risk of complications after deep-vein thrombosis
September 24, 2018 - Transcatheter mitral valve repair reduces mortality for patients with mitral regurgitation
September 24, 2018 - First intracranial aneurysm patients treated with BRAVO Flow Diverter after CE mark approval
September 24, 2018 - ‘Physicians of the mouth’? Dentists absorb the medical billing drill
September 24, 2018 - People more likely to believe those with confident tone of voice than with accent
September 24, 2018 - Harmony Biosciences Presents 5-Year Data On Pitolisant At International Narcolepsy Symposium
September 24, 2018 - Blood test may identify gestational diabetes risk in first trimester
September 24, 2018 - Height may be risk factor for varicose veins | News Center
September 24, 2018 - King’s commemorates opening of new NMR facility with one-day symposium
September 24, 2018 - Eisai receives approval for partial label change of DC Bead device for transcatheter arterial embolization
September 24, 2018 - High-resolution genomic map gives scientists unprecedented view of brain development
September 24, 2018 - Researchers find impact of neurobehavioral symptoms on employment in adults with TBI
September 24, 2018 - Alexion announces positive results from Phase 3 PREVENT study of Soliris in patients with NMOSD
September 24, 2018 - First evaluation of benefits, harms of Alzheimer’s screening for family members of older adults
September 24, 2018 - Ancora Heart announces positive data of study evaluating AccuCinch Ventricular Repair System
September 24, 2018 - Children of mothers using cannabis may start using it at an earlier age, finds study
September 24, 2018 - Gilead Sciences plans to launch authorized generic versions of Epclusa and Harvoni in the US
September 24, 2018 - Most patients who underwent transcatheter valve replacement experience prosthesis-patient mismatch
September 24, 2018 - Lumos acquires license for LUM-201 drug that promotes secretion of growth hormone
September 24, 2018 - New study provides basis for Air Canada to change its facial hair policy for aircrew
September 24, 2018 - Infant walkers lead to thousands of emergency visits for babies
September 24, 2018 - Genes predicting person’s height may provide clues about causes of varicose veins
September 24, 2018 - EPA Plan Will Maintain Carbon Emissions From Power Plants
September 24, 2018 - Characterizing pig hippocampus could improve translational neuroscience
September 24, 2018 - Element3 Health reports social and mental engagement play key role in overall health
September 24, 2018 - Paralympic medalists support Fight for Sight’s unique virtual event
September 24, 2018 - ADCETRIS drug receives approval in Japan as frontline treatment option for Hodgkin lymphoma
September 24, 2018 - Public awareness of urological conditions found to be alarmingly low across Europe
September 24, 2018 - Fitter Folks Suffer Milder Strokes: Study
September 24, 2018 - Novel botulinum toxin compound relieves chronic pain
September 24, 2018 - CHMP recommends approval of Gilenya for treatment of multiple sclerosis in children, adolescents
September 24, 2018 - National Friendly’s private medical insurance is a hit with women living in the South East
September 24, 2018 - Academics receive prestigious awards for achievements in blood pressure research
September 24, 2018 - Obese pregnant women can restrict weight gain safely with proper nutrition guidance
September 24, 2018 - CHMP adopts positive opinion of Takeda’s ALUNBRIG for treatment of ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer
September 24, 2018 - China NMPA approves LENVIMA for treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma
September 24, 2018 - A new approach for finding Alzheimer’s treatments
September 24, 2018 - USC research uncovers previously unknown genetic risk factor for dementia
September 24, 2018 - Study examining mental health among students finds significant disparities in treatment across race
September 24, 2018 - Breakthrough discovery paves way for future test to identify drowsy drivers
September 24, 2018 - Transcatheter mitral-valve repair in patients with heart failure
September 24, 2018 - Study opens new avenues for treatment of Laing distal myopathy
September 24, 2018 - Stroke Facts | cdc.gov
September 24, 2018 - Sarcolipin tricks muscle cells into using more energy, burning fat
September 24, 2018 - Enrollment in opioid controlled substance agreement reduces primary care visits
September 24, 2018 - UTA researchers patent new smart seat cushion technology that helps prevent painful ulcers
September 24, 2018 - Second HPV-Related Primary Cancers Common in Survivors
September 24, 2018 - How a virus destabilizes the genome
September 24, 2018 - Old letters provide insight into Spanish flu pandemic horror
September 23, 2018 - Smart textile-based soft robotic exosuit helps wearers save energy and traverse difficult terrain
September 23, 2018 - New research hub to drive radical change in development and manufacturing of vaccines
September 23, 2018 - AHA: For Hispanics, Neighborhood May Be Key Factor in Heart Disease Risk
September 23, 2018 - Excessive airway nerves tied to more severe asthma symptoms, study finds
September 23, 2018 - Study highlights need to remain vigilant in maintaining key infection control processes
September 23, 2018 - Novel therapeutic strategy for blood vessel related disorders, such as cancer and retinopathy
September 23, 2018 - New naturally occurring antibiotic found effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Context and distraction skew what we think and take into accout

Context and distraction skew what we think and take into accout

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print
Context can modify one thing as elementary as our skill to estimate the weights of easy items. Credit score: Michigan Technological College

Context can modify one thing as elementary as our skill to estimate the weights of easy items. As we learn how to manipulate the ones items, context may also tease out the interaction of 2 reminiscence techniques.

Context will not be the whole lot, however it is correct up there with content material in relation to our reminiscences. Kevin Trewartha, an assistant professor of each cognitive science and kinesiology at Michigan Technological College, is the lead creator on a contemporary learn about about linking movements and items, revealed in Cognition.

Trewartha provides an instance from actual lifestyles, appearing what may just occur whilst you heave up an empty suitcase that you just assume is complete. He bends over, grasps an invisible maintain, and staggers backward as his hand flies over his head.

“Subsequent time you attempted this, you almost certainly would not pull so laborious,” Trewartha says.

Weighty Reminiscence

That forceful first yank is knowledgeable through our subconscious reminiscence, which the mind builds from an entire life of reviews that educate us that a large suitcase within the trunk of a automotive goes to be heavy. However what if there have been a 2d suitcase? As you succeed in for it, a 2d device, the mindful reminiscence, would kick in; your shoulder-straining enjoy with that first suitcase would possibly lead you to ease the second extra tentatively out of the automobile.

Believe a unique context: if somebody else passed you the second one suitcase, would you are expecting it to be gentle? And the way would you arrange the second one suitcase if a police officer had been ordering you to transport your automotive out of the no-parking zone on the airport when you had been unloading your mother’s baggage?

Because it seems, Trewartha found out, the context through which we enjoy weighty items does impact how we replace our reminiscences, each mindful and subconscious.

Trewartha started through asking human topics to maintain two easy plastic cylinders which, like the primary suitcase, weren’t what they gave the impression. Even though equivalent in weight, one was once a lot smaller than the opposite. The members now not handiest lifted the weights, additionally they had them put on their fingers. After each and every check, the topics estimated the cylinders’ relative weights.

Measurement-Weight Phantasm

Experiments like this have lengthy proven that individuals understand the smaller cylinder to be heavier than it’s, one thing referred to as the size-weight phantasm. That phantasm can steadily disappear when folks again and again maintain a unique set of items with sudden weights. Whilst they appear to be the weight-illusion items, one is small however heavy, and the opposite is big however gentle.

When Trewartha had his members maintain that 2d set of inversely weighted cylinders, they were given higher at estimating the relative weight of the primary two cylinders—however handiest once they treated each units of cylinders in the similar means. As an example, in the event that they lifted each units, the size-weight phantasm decreased, they usually were given higher at estimating the relative weight of the primary set. But when they lifted the primary set and had the second one set put on their fingers, the size-weight phantasm persevered.

“We confirmed that you just handiest cut back the size-weight phantasm when you enjoy the weight-illusion items in the similar means that you just enjoy the in a different way weighted items,” Trewartha mentioned. “This means that the subconscious reminiscences rely on context, that the mind maintains multiple illustration in regards to the courting between length and weight, with little or no crosstalk.”

Distractions and Multitasking

To look if distractions (just like the cop on the airport) may just impact reminiscence, he had probably the most topics do a easy subtraction downside as they manipulated the items.

He discovered that the distraction had little relating how the temporarily the size-weight phantasm was once diminished, for the reason that phantasm will depend on subconscious reminiscence—one thing you be told with out fascinated by it. However it did throw a wrench into the mindful reminiscence, which informs movements comparable to lifting: topics who did the maths needed to follow longer prior to they had been in a position to boost their items easily.

“This provides to our working out of the way those two complementary reminiscence techniques impact how we engage with items,” Trewartha mentioned.

The learn about might also make clear the long-term results of multitasking. Whilst distractions would possibly now not intrude an excessive amount of with development subconscious reminiscences, they is also protecting us from growing the tough internet of mindful reminiscences we use to keep in mind particular reviews.


Discover additional:
Weight of object now not a topic when figuring out left or right-handedness

Additional info:
Kevin M. Trewartha et al. Linking movements and items: Context-specific studying of novel weight priors, Cognition (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2017.02.zero14

Magazine reference:
Cognition

Equipped through:
Michigan Technological College

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles