Breaking News
January 16, 2018 - Cycling does not negatively impact sexual and urinary health finds study
January 16, 2018 - Exelixis Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Cabometyx (cabozantinib) Tablets for Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma
January 16, 2018 - Just How Often Do Patients Turn Post-Surgical Opioids Into a Habit?
January 16, 2018 - Opioid addiction – Genetics Home Reference
January 16, 2018 - Incomplete revascularization in PCI linked to higher mortality
January 16, 2018 - Machine learning algorithm uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children
January 16, 2018 - Penn scientists identify new therapeutic target for treatment of melanoma
January 16, 2018 - The London Clinic exhibits innovative technology to treat Parkinson’s disease at Arab Health
January 16, 2018 - Early influenza testing is critical to prevent serious complications
January 16, 2018 - Study Gets to the Core of Back Pain in Runners
January 16, 2018 - Year in Review: Ophthalmology | Medpage Today
January 16, 2018 - ClinicalTrials.gov: Marijuana Use
January 16, 2018 - Researchers create novel compound targeting melanoma cells
January 16, 2018 - FDA grants approval for first drug to treat inherited breast cancer
January 16, 2018 - Researchers develop remote-controlled mechanogenetics system to target and kill cancer cells
January 16, 2018 - Fresh, Frozen Embryos Equal in IVF
January 16, 2018 - Research shows biological clocks could improve brain cancer treatment
January 16, 2018 - Dire view from within accident and emergency wards of England and Wales
January 16, 2018 - Study reveals how devastating mitochondrial diseases strike families without any previous history
January 16, 2018 - Experts look for ways to standardize treatments for pediatric rheumatic diseases
January 16, 2018 - Teens who watch TV shows with ads likely to eat more junk food
January 16, 2018 - Aztec apocalypse found to be Salmonella outbreak
January 16, 2018 - Stealth BioTherapeutics Granted Fast Track Designation for Elamipretide for the Treatment of Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy
January 16, 2018 - Three Ineffective Institutional Approaches to Quality Improvement in Healthcare
January 16, 2018 - New technology accelerates autism diagnosis and treatment
January 16, 2018 - Preterm babies likely to experience delays in auditory brain development, study reveals
January 16, 2018 - Research sheds new light on genetic, environmental factors that promote prostate cancer metastasis
January 16, 2018 - Mitochondrial impairment may actually protect the brain in Parkinson’s disease, study shows
January 15, 2018 - Energy drinks can have adverse health effects on youth, study reveals
January 15, 2018 - 60° Pharmaceuticals (60P) Submits New Drug Application to US FDA for Antimalarial Drug Tafenoquine
January 15, 2018 - Wanted: ‘Breathalyzer’ for Cannabis Use
January 15, 2018 - Surfers more likely to get antibiotic resistant E. coli in their guts
January 15, 2018 - “Baby brain” a real clinical entity finds study
January 15, 2018 - Whole of Britain to be put on a diet plan come March
January 15, 2018 - Neighborhood Deprivation Linked to Heart Failure
January 15, 2018 - Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acid intake may affect lupus outcomes
January 15, 2018 - Scientists discover new enzyme that could reduce obesity rates
January 15, 2018 - Evidence suggests two patterns of early symptoms precede and predict later BD risk
January 15, 2018 - Harm minimization approach for smoking cessation with e-cigarettes
January 15, 2018 - Surgery or Antibiotics for Appendicitis? Here’s What Patients Chose
January 15, 2018 - ASH: Frailty Screening Tool Guides Therapy in Elderly
January 15, 2018 - Study shows video games could cut dementia risk in seniors
January 15, 2018 - Common Food Additive Promoting C. diff?
January 15, 2018 - Mild traumatic brain injury causes long-term damage in mice
January 15, 2018 - Circadian clock proteins set the pace of plant growth
January 15, 2018 - Two proteins shown to regenerate brain in Parkinson’s disease
January 15, 2018 - Jotting down tasks may ease falling asleep, study says
January 15, 2018 - Chi-Med Initiates Fruquintinib U.S. Clinical Trials
January 15, 2018 - Cell-Free DNA May Help Pinpoint Breast Ca Survival
January 15, 2018 - What goes on inside a medically supervised injection facility?
January 15, 2018 - Research provides new model to better ascertain HIV mortality rates in Zambia
January 15, 2018 - Genetic analysis can enhance outcomes of depression treatment
January 15, 2018 - Variations in bacterial strains can trigger varying immune responses, study states
January 15, 2018 - TherapeuticsMD Announces Resubmission of New Drug Application for TX-004HR
January 15, 2018 - HIV Vaccine Shows ‘Positive Signal’ in Small Study
January 15, 2018 - Researchers demonstrate RAS dimers are essential for cancer
January 15, 2018 - Groundbreaking report highlights plan to end bowel cancer
January 15, 2018 - Doc Aspires to Bring ‘Medicine the Musical’ to Off-Broadway
January 15, 2018 - Does an exploding brain network cause chronic pain?
January 15, 2018 - Researchers use novel PET tracer to assess myelin damage in mouse models of MS
January 15, 2018 - Survival strategy of mRNAs during sugar deficiency in the cell
January 15, 2018 - Hormone Therapy May Ease Depression Linked to Menopause
January 15, 2018 - Pain Sensitization Declines After Bariatric Tx in Obese Patients
January 15, 2018 - C7 nerve transfer improves function in spastic arm paralysis
January 15, 2018 - Australian kids are drinking and smoking far less than before
January 15, 2018 - Worsening of anxiety symptoms may be early indicator of Alzheimer’s disease
January 15, 2018 - Early testing for influenza symptoms can limit severe, life-threatening disease
January 15, 2018 - Exposure to estrogen-mimicking compounds may reverse effects of breast cancer treatment
January 15, 2018 - Lipids May Play Key Role in Abdominal Aneurysm
January 15, 2018 - Raw Dough’s a Raw Deal and Could Make You Sick
January 15, 2018 - Thinking about germs makes people concerned about how they look
January 15, 2018 - Pitt scientists develop new guidelines to alleviate EMS personnel fatigue
January 15, 2018 - Discovery suggests new approach for targeting most-wanted molecular culprits in cancer
January 14, 2018 - Rhizen Pharmaceuticals S.A. Receives FDA Orphan-Drug Designation for Tenalisib (RP6530) for Treatment of Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma (PTCL)
January 14, 2018 - Adding Enzyme to Chemo Combo Improves Outcomes in Pancreatic CA
January 14, 2018 - Research suggests ways to help mentally ill in Ghana’s prayer camps
January 14, 2018 - U.S. FDA approves first drug for patients with germline BRCA-mutated metastatic breast cancer
January 14, 2018 - Availability of qualified nurses in hospitals affects patient satisfaction
January 14, 2018 - Prostate cancer’s gene-determined ‘immune landscape’ dictates tumor progression
January 14, 2018 - Online CME: Is This Your First Choice?
Undocumented Mexican immigrants living in the country at risk for mental disorders

Undocumented Mexican immigrants living in the country at risk for mental disorders

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

Nearly a quarter of Mexican immigrants who live near the California-Mexico border without legal authorization have a mental disorder, particularly depression or anxiety, according to a new study by Rice University.

“Mental Disorders Among Undocumented Mexican Immigrants in High-Risk Neighborhoods: Prevalence, Comorbidity and Vulnerabilities” will appear in an upcoming edition of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology and examines the prevalence of mental disorders and substance use among Mexican immigrants residing near the California-Mexico border without legal authorization. Given that the city where the study was conducted is listed among the most conservative U.S. cities with strong opposition and disciplinary actions against undocumented immigrants, lead author Luz Garcini, a postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Psychology at Rice, said this area is considered a high-risk area for undocumented immigrants.

Garcini and her fellow authors found that 23 percent of the study’s nearly 250 adult participants met criteria for having a mental disorder. Most prevalent were major depressive disorder (14 percent of study participants), panic disorder (8 percent) and generalized anxiety disorder (7 percent).

“The estimates obtained in this study for depression and anxiety disorders were considerably higher in this population when compared with estimates for the general U.S. population,” Garcini said. The National Comorbidity Survey Replication reported that approximately 7 percent of the U.S. population suffers from major depressive disorder and 3 percent suffer from panic disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder.

Findings from the study also showed that the prevalence for having a substance use disorder in this population (4 percent of study participants) was similar to that of the U.S. general household population.

“This finding defies existing stereotypes that contribute to stigmatization of and discrimination against Mexican immigrants living in the U.S. without documentation as a population with high prevalence of substance use,” Garcini said. “These individuals are unlikely to engage in substance use because it increases their risk for deportation and it interferes with their productivity at work.”

Garcini emphasized that the daily stressors of these individuals, including stigma, language barriers, fear of deportation, family separation and discrimination, are associated with the mental disorders. She said that the findings have important public health and clinical implications, including the need for the development and provision of contextually and culturally sensitive interventions.

“Unfortunately, there are many obstacles to mental health service use for immigrants living in the country without documentation,” Garcini said. “Debates on programs and policies pertaining to these individuals are complicated, and disagreement on immigration and welfare reform in the U.S. is enduring. Rethinking procedures to create solutions based on data and creating new alternatives to facilitate access and provision of mental health services to this at-risk population is vital to protect their human rights and reduce mental health disparities in this community.”

The study used respondent-driven sampling (a methodology based on a mathematical model of the social networks that connect individuals) to collect and analyze data from clinical interviews with 248 Mexican immigrants living in the country without legal authorization. The average age of the participants was 38 years; 69 percent were female and 31 percent were male. The majority of participants had been in the U.S. for more than 10 years. This study is one of the first to provide population-based estimates of the prevalence of current mental and substance-use disorders in this immigrant population.

“Additional research and funding are needed to document the devastating effects of the current socio-political context on the mental health of immigrants living in the U.S. without documentation, which is needed to inform advocacy, policy and intervention efforts,” Garcini said.

Source:

Immigrants living in the country without authorization at risk for depression

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles