Breaking News
November 18, 2017 - Old World monkeys could hold key to stop progression of rheumatoid arthritis
November 18, 2017 - Harris Health System RNs named among 20 Outstanding Nurses for 2017
November 18, 2017 - Old World monkeys could be key to a new, powerful rheumatoid arthritis therapy
November 18, 2017 - Mount Sinai researchers identify new therapeutic target for ER+ breast cancer
November 18, 2017 - Age, CRP levels predict success in tapering of biologics in rheumatoid arthritis patients
November 18, 2017 - New dye could be used to observe electrical activity of neurons in the brain
November 18, 2017 - New study further validates use of vaginal progesterone to decrease risk of preterm birth
November 18, 2017 - Russian researcher determined range of reference values for boron in the human body
November 18, 2017 - ‘What the Health?’ Tax bill or health bill?
November 18, 2017 - Could Your Cat Give You ‘Bird Flu?’
November 18, 2017 - Vitamin D Linked to Fertility Outcomes in ART
November 18, 2017 - Neuroscientists identify genetic changes in microglia in a mouse model of neurodegeneration and Alzheimer’s disease
November 18, 2017 - Tax reform proposal could impact care for older Americans
November 18, 2017 - PCSK9 inhibitor offers clinical benefit to patients with peripheral artery disease
November 18, 2017 - Researchers receive £1.3 million to develop sight-saving imaging technology
November 18, 2017 - Novel buckypaper sensor could pave way for high-performance, affordable wearable technology
November 18, 2017 - Despite ACA cost protections, most adolescents skip regular checkups
November 18, 2017 - Stem cell treatment allows paraplegic rats to walk and regain sensory perception
November 18, 2017 - HTC analytical conference comes to the UK
November 18, 2017 - Face It: Drinking, Smoking Takes Toll on Looks: MedlinePlus Health News
November 18, 2017 - New research shows where in the brain the earliest signs of Alzheimer’s occur
November 18, 2017 - Philips announces launch of global movement to raise awareness for COPD
November 18, 2017 - University of Bristol awarded grant to reduce antibacterial drug resistance in Thailand
November 18, 2017 - New oxytocin chemical sensor could be first step towards early diagnosis of autism
November 18, 2017 - Study finds medical cannabis is effective at reducing opioid addiction
November 18, 2017 - Specially tailored, ultrafast light pulses can trigger neurons to fire in different patterns
November 18, 2017 - Decrease in sunshine linked to rising incidence of Rickets
November 18, 2017 - Harnessing social media big data to fight against prescription drug crisis
November 18, 2017 - Researchers find way to switch tumor cells between 2D and 3D morphology
November 18, 2017 - FDA Approves Hemlibra (emicizumab-kxwh) for Hemophilia A with Inhibitors
November 18, 2017 - Adolescents underreport amphetamine use, likely unaware that adderall is amphetamine
November 18, 2017 - Study reveals a reduced risk of teenage eczema in breastfed babies
November 18, 2017 - Separating side effects could pave way for safe, effective pain medications
November 18, 2017 - Gut bacteria at young age can contribute to MS disease onset and progression, study suggests
November 18, 2017 - Environmental triggers may play role in development of Lupus
November 18, 2017 - Review looks into conventional versus new treatment modalities in orthodontic pain management
November 17, 2017 - FDA Alert: Diphenoxylate Hydrochloride and Atropine Sulfate Tablets by Greenstone: Recall
November 17, 2017 - For older women, every movement matters
November 17, 2017 - Talking-based therapy could transform aftercare for cancer survivors
November 17, 2017 - Olympus IXplore SpinSR10 imaging system enables researchers to observe fine details in live cells
November 17, 2017 - Study explores reasons for underrepresentation of minorities in genetic cancer research
November 17, 2017 - California firm running physician practices is closing down as scrutiny ramps up
November 17, 2017 - BMI not valid measure of obesity in postmenopausal women, study shows
November 17, 2017 - Vaginal progesterone decreases the risk of premature birth in women with short cervix
November 17, 2017 - Pricey ER Tests for Chest Pain Often Unnecessary
November 17, 2017 - ‘Old’ Lungs May Be Good Transplant Options: MedlinePlus Health News
November 17, 2017 - How not to gain weight over the holidays
November 17, 2017 - Researchers map first-ever proteome of healthy human heart
November 17, 2017 - Drug used to prevent and treat malaria may also be effective for Zika virus
November 17, 2017 - One in 20 children still receiving codeine to treat pain despite warning from federal regulators
November 17, 2017 - Improving clinical trials with machine learning
November 17, 2017 - Experts identify mental exercise program that can reduce risk of dementia
November 17, 2017 - Just-in-time 3-D implants set to transform tumor surgery
November 17, 2017 - Skin patch offers hope for people with peanut allergy
November 17, 2017 - Scientists identify biomarkers that predict risk of death in Ebola patients
November 17, 2017 - Heart attack, stroke patients have improved outcomes when statins are prescribed after discharge
November 17, 2017 - Majority of people do not understand link between obesity and cancer, study shows
November 17, 2017 - Deep vein thrombosis accurately diagnosed by GPs trained in compression ultrasonography
November 17, 2017 - New Kevlar-based hydrogel recreates the magic of natural cartilage
November 17, 2017 - FDA approves first adjuvant treatment to reduce risk of kidney cancer recurrence
November 17, 2017 - Foods made with biofortified corn flour and eggs retain vitamin A after cooking
November 17, 2017 - Integrated Care Winning the Day for Healthcare Companies
November 17, 2017 - CPAP may be superior to gastric banding for severe sleep apnea
November 17, 2017 - New pain relievers reduce opiate overdose risk
November 17, 2017 - Brain astrocytes could play key role in pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease
November 17, 2017 - Researchers test whether LVAD surgery could reverse frailty in older adults with heart failure
November 17, 2017 - ATS debuts new video to highlight dangers of flavored tobacco
November 17, 2017 - Medicaid expansion under ACA more likely to increase smoking cessation rates among low-income adults
November 17, 2017 - FDA Approves Mepsevii (vestronidase alfa) for Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII
November 17, 2017 - 1 in 5 Americans Still Uses Tobacco, Gov’t. Reports: MedlinePlus Health News
November 17, 2017 - People with psychotic-like experiences spend less time in healthy brain states
November 17, 2017 - Hospital Readmission Reduction Program linked to increase in death rates, study finds
November 17, 2017 - Study finds rising rates of marijuana use in states where it is legal
November 17, 2017 - Scientists unveil pathology underlying optic nerve hypoplasia in children
November 17, 2017 - Novel device designed to treat diastolic heart failure found safe and effective
November 17, 2017 - Smoking parents may underestimate kid’s exposure to secondhand smoke
November 17, 2017 - FAIMS technology holds potential to be effective screening tool for pancreatic cancer
November 17, 2017 - Applying AFM to study the viscoelastic properties of cells
November 17, 2017 - FDA Alert: Nexterone (amiodarone HCl) 150 mg/100 mL Premixed Injection: Recall
November 17, 2017 - High cognitive ability not a safeguard from conspiracies, paranormal beliefs
Life expectancy in OECD, Japan, Spain, Switzerland highest, Latvia and Mexico bottom

Life expectancy in OECD, Japan, Spain, Switzerland highest, Latvia and Mexico bottom

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

The latest OCED “Health at a Glance” report 2017 has found that countries that have a higher national income that spend more on health have longer life expectancies compared to those who do not. However many other factors also contribute to life expectancy, the report finds.

The report shows a direct correlation that a 10 percent increase in health expenditure by the countries per capita can lend 3.5 months extra to the average life expectancy. Similarly a 10 percent development in the lifestyle choices towards a healthier lifestyle can lend 2.6 months to the life expectancy. Income too has a role to play with a 10 percent rise in income per capita contributing to 2.2 months of life expectancy. Same with education – 10% increase in primary education prevalence brings in 3.2 months of life expectancy.

Image Credit: Nito / Shutterstock

Image Credit: Nito / Shutterstock

In the OECD countries, the life expectancy at birth was analyzed for the current year. An average of 80.6 years was noted in all the OECD countries in 2015. There has been a steady rise of life expectancy over the last few decades. A short temporary fall was noted in some countries between 2014 and 2015 but this did not last. Among OECD countries, the largest gainers in life expectancy were Turkey, Korea and Chile which have seen rise of 24, 20 and 17 years respectively since 1970. The encouraging numbers in life expectancy have been attributed to several factors including better education, better income, healthier lifestyles, and progress in health care. The economic growth of these countries is also significant over these past years.

Some OECD countries show a below average life expectancy including India, Indonesia, Brazil and China. These countries too have made progress in life expectancy but still have a few years to go before they can meet the OECD average. Progress is slower in certain countries such as South Africa, Lithuania and the Russian Federation. It has been attributed to the HIV/AIDS epidemic and rise of risky health behaviors among men etc.

The start performers with life expectancy beyond 80 years include Japan, Spain and Switzerland. There are 25 OECD countries where average life expectancy is above 80 years. United States, Chile and some central and eastern European countries have an average life expectancy of 75 to 80 years.

Latvia and Mexico had the lowest life expectancy in 2015 around 75 years. Mexico also has been a slow gainer. High obesity and poor nutrition remains a cause for these numbers. There is a slo a huge rise in diabetes, heart disease, road traffic accidents and homicides along with barriers to good quality health care that brings down life expectancy.

Higher national incomes and GDP per capita raises life expectancy at birth. But this is always not a direct correlation. Japan and Spain have higher life expectancies compared to United States and the Russian Federation despite having similar GDP per capita. Health expenditure however is predictive of life expectancy. But here too Japan, Spain and Korea have longer life expectancies at birth compared to United States and the Russian Federation even when their respective health expenditures might be similar.

Gender and other factors need to be accounted for. In 2015 for example life expectancy at birth for women was 83.1 years and 77.9 years for men in the OECD countries. The gender gap was highest in the mid-1980s. Now the gap is narrower the report finds. Narrowing indicates risky behaviors being adopted by women worldwide including smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

The life expectancy for women is over 85 years in Japan, Spain, France, Korea and Switzerland and less than 80 years in Hungary, Latvia and Mexico. Among men the range is less than 75 years in Latvia, Mexico, Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Estonia and Poland and over 80 years in Iceland, Japan, Switzerland, Norway, Australia, Sweden, Italy, Israel and Spain. The gender gap is narrow in Iceland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, Ireland and Denmark with less than four years gap. The gap is almost 7-10 years in Latvia, Estonia, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Hungary.

A higher education level has been seen to raise life expectancy. People who are more educated tend to choose healthier eating and lifestyle habits. In 25 OECD countries, those with highest education lived at least 6 years more than those with lower education levels. This gap is more in Slovak Republic, Estonia, Poland, Hungary, Latvia and the Czech Republic between higher and lower educated groups. The difference is less marked in some countries such as Turkey, Sweden and Canada.

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles