Breaking News
June 19, 2018 - High blood pressure could be an early sign of dementia
June 19, 2018 - Innovative drugs and new European treatment guidelines refine, improve MS therapy
June 19, 2018 - BIDMC scientists develop new tool to benefit patients with HCV-associated liver failure
June 19, 2018 - Diabetes diagnosis may come with increased risk of pancreatic cancer for African-Americans, Latinos
June 19, 2018 - Personalized Goals, Cash Motivate Heart Patients to Exercise
June 19, 2018 - Nipah Virus (NiV) | CDC
June 19, 2018 - Genomics offers new treatment options for infants with range of soft tissue tumors
June 18, 2018 - Study shows how moderate consumption of alcohol can protect the heart
June 18, 2018 - Gene editing technology predicts heart disease risk
June 18, 2018 - Who Will and Who Won’t Get the Flu?
June 18, 2018 - Research shows effective responses to online feedback
June 18, 2018 - Scientists to focus on big data and genetics to identify risk factors for dementia
June 18, 2018 - Ultrasound-based technology for assessing overweight adolescents with liver disease
June 18, 2018 - Osteochondral knee defect treated using cell technology
June 18, 2018 - Study demonstrates increased levels of gum disease in people at risk of rheumatoid arthritis
June 18, 2018 - Ebola & Marburg | NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
June 18, 2018 - Brains, eyes, testes: off-limits for transplants?
June 18, 2018 - Drug used to treat myelofibrosis can awaken ‘dormant’ lymphomas in the bone marrow
June 18, 2018 - New study focuses on best, cost effective practices to bridge treatment gap for brain disorders
June 18, 2018 - New study highlights predictors that prevent from achieving remission in early RA
June 18, 2018 - Neuroscientists map feeling of cool touch to the brain’s insula in mouse model
June 18, 2018 - Study highlights potential use of blood biomarkers as diagnostic tool for sleep apnea
June 18, 2018 - Eating plant-based diet can reduce risk for heart problems in people with type 2 diabetes
June 18, 2018 - Lenabasum has acceptable safety and tolerability in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis
June 18, 2018 - Study shows link between risky opioid prescriptions and increased odds of death
June 18, 2018 - Bone density scans could help determine likelihood of cardiovascular disease
June 18, 2018 - Mechanical thrombectomy appears to be important therapy for acute stroke in very old patients
June 18, 2018 - Novel compound as effective as FDA-approved antibiotics for treating deadly infections
June 18, 2018 - Ironwood Pharmaceuticals Announces FDA Orphan Drug Designation for Olinciguat for the Treatment of Sickle Cell Disease
June 18, 2018 - Surgical outcomes equivalent whether physician anesthesiologist assisted by nurse anesthetist or AA
June 18, 2018 - Studies provide insight into molecular changes prior to onset of arthritis
June 18, 2018 - Dyaco unveils specialist medical and rehabilitation equipment range in the UK
June 18, 2018 - Engineers develop algorithm to monitor joints of patients with arthritis
June 18, 2018 - Women with higher vitamin D blood levels have lower risk for breast cancer
June 18, 2018 - New studies help elucidate role of sleep in chronic pain
June 18, 2018 - Researchers link red meat sensitivity spread by ticks with heart disease
June 18, 2018 - Research explores role of autopsy in cardiovascular medicine
June 18, 2018 - Motif Bio Submits NDA for Iclaprim
June 18, 2018 - NIH-funded researchers identify target for chikungunya treatment
June 18, 2018 - Negative emotions are murkier, less distinct in adolescence
June 18, 2018 - Gut microbiome may be potential contributor to depression, anxiety in people with obesity
June 18, 2018 - Canakinumab reduces gout rate by more than half in atherosclerosis patients, study shows
June 18, 2018 - What Does the Future Hold?
June 18, 2018 - FDA Approves Keytruda (pembrolizumab) for Treatment of Refractory or Relapsed Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma (PMBCL)
June 18, 2018 - School cliques don’t always click
June 18, 2018 - Three experts from The Tinnitus Clinic contribute to major review on pulsatile tinnitus
June 18, 2018 - Unwieldy health costs often stand between teachers and fatter paychecks
June 18, 2018 - Link between frailty and mortality remains unchanged despite lower death rates, study finds
June 18, 2018 - Sleep disorders appear to be first sign of serious neurological diseases
June 18, 2018 - Childhood, adult obesity raise risk of developing hip and knee osteoarthritis
June 18, 2018 - Study unravels ‘blood stem cell niche’ puzzle
June 18, 2018 - People with heart problems do not take enough exercise, shows study
June 18, 2018 - Strong Link Identified Between T2DM and Parkinson’s Disease
June 18, 2018 - Early childhood interventions show mixed results on child development
June 18, 2018 - Chronic use of opioids related to increased risk of fracture nonunion
June 18, 2018 - AHA: Family Perseveres After Losing Father to Heart Attack
June 18, 2018 - Oral propranolol seems safe for infantile hemangioma
June 18, 2018 - New study gives explanation for food’s prominence in memory
June 18, 2018 - First photoactive drug to fight Parkinson’s disease
June 18, 2018 - Patient’s self-evaluation of personality disorders not as far off as previously perceived
June 18, 2018 - Upadacitinib Monotherapy Meets All Primary and Ranked Secondary Endpoints Versus Methotrexate in a Phase 3 Study in Rheumatoid Arthritis
June 18, 2018 - Vitamin B3 has a positive effect on damaged nerve cells in Parkinson’s patients
June 17, 2018 - Sunovion Announces FDA Acceptance of New Drug Application for Apomorphine Sublingual Film (APL-130277)
June 17, 2018 - Bid to beat obesity focuses on fat that keeps us warm
June 17, 2018 - Work Stress May Increase Risk of Developing Atrial Fibrillation
June 17, 2018 - New Zealand’s secret recipe for active school travel: The neighborhood built environment
June 17, 2018 - New Medscape report reveals sexual harassment rate of physicians
June 17, 2018 - Surgical Blood Transfusions Tied to Clot Risk
June 17, 2018 - CDC chief makes $375K, far exceeding his predecessors’ pay
June 17, 2018 - Education linked to higher risk of short-sightedness
June 17, 2018 - Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Ulcerative Colitis Achieved Clinical and Endoscopic Remission with Mirikizumab in Phase 2 Trial
June 17, 2018 - UA registers a more customised multifocal lens to correct presbyopia
June 17, 2018 - U.S. FDA and European Medicines Agency Accept Regulatory Submissions for Review of Talazoparib for Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients with an Inherited BRCA Mutation
June 17, 2018 - Vaginal estrogen tablets, moisturizers and placebo gel all can improve vaginal discomfort
June 17, 2018 - Addition of Bezafibrate Beneficial in Primary Biliary Cholangitis
June 17, 2018 - Radiation Therapy for Cancer – National Cancer Institute
June 17, 2018 - Technology could help pregnant women detect health complications
June 17, 2018 - Study finds drop in frequent use of ED after Affordable Care Act
June 17, 2018 - Do Antipsychotic Meds for Kids Raise Diabetes Risk?
June 17, 2018 - New light shed on mechanisms of paediatric epilepsy
Obese older adults who survive cardiac surgery may have higher risk for poor functioning

Obese older adults who survive cardiac surgery may have higher risk for poor functioning

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

More than one-third of Americans are considered obese based on their Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI measures the ratio between your height and weight. A BMI of 30 or above signals obesity. As more and more of us age, we also are likely to see an increase in the number of older people who have a difficult time maintaining a healthy body weight. That’s a serious problem, since obesity can impact many parts of our health and daily life. For example, studies show people who are obese have more complications following heart surgery—an increasingly common surgery for older adults—than do people who are considered overweight (but not obese) or who maintain a “normal” weight.

Although we know that obese older adults may be surviving heart surgery with more complications, few researchers have studied how well they can manage daily activities like eating, bathing, walking short distances, dressing, getting in or out of bed, and using the toilet.

To learn more about this key issue, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania examined information from the University of Michigan Health and Retirement Study. They published their findings in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

The researchers focused on 1,731 participants from the study (which included 20,000 participants) who had heart surgery. Of these individuals, 34 percent were obese and 66 percent were not obese. The researchers followed the participants over a two-year period.

The researchers learned that:

  • 22 percent of obese participants who had heart surgery said they were less able to perform their daily activities within two years of their surgery.
  • 17 percent of overweight or normal weight participants who had heart surgery reported that they were less able to perform their daily activities.
  • In the two years following heart surgery, 10.5 percent of obese participants died; 13.8 percent of non-obese participants died.

The researchers said that obese older adults who survive heart surgery may live with greater degrees of functional decline in the two years following the procedure, especially in participants who were younger than 80-years-old. However, in people aged 80 and older, the relationship between obesity and the ability to function well was considered more complex.


Explore further:
Central obesity ups mortality across BMI range

More information:
Timothy G. Gaulton et al, Association Between Obesity, Age, and Functional Decline in Survivors of Cardiac Surgery, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (2017). DOI: 10.1111/jgs.15160

Journal reference:
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Provided by:
American Geriatrics Society

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles