Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study from the University of Waterloo has found.
The study used a form of mathematical analysis called evolutionary dynamics to look at how malignant mutations evolve in both stem and non-stem cells in colorectal and intestinal cancers.
“Using applied math to map out the evolution of cancer has the potential to give oncologists a kind of road map to track the progression of a particular cancer and essentially captures crucial details of the evolution of the disease.” said Mohammad Kohandel, an associate professor of applied mathematics at Waterloo. “Combining the use of applied math with previous research advances in cancer biology, can contribute to a much deeper understanding of this disease on several fronts.”
The study found when cancer stem cells divide and replicate, the new cells that are created can be substantially different from the original cell. This characteristic can have a substantial impact on the progression of cancer in both positive and negative ways and the use of math can help better predict cell behaviour.
The study also concluded that this type of analysis may be useful in preventing the emergence of cancer cells, in addition to helping develop more intense and effective treatments.
“Being able to predict the evolution of cancer cells could be crucial to tailoring treatments that will target them effectively,” said Siv Sivaloganathan, a professor and chair of the department of applied mathematics, at Waterloo. “It may also help avoid the drug-induced resistance known to develop in many cancers.
“In addition to predicting the behavior of cancer cells, this mathematical framework can also be applied more generally to other areas, including population genetics and ecology.”
Kohandel and Sivaloganathan’s work was done in collaboration Ali Madihpour Shirayeha and Kamran Kaveh who are doing graduate and postgraduate work at Waterloo, builds on cancer research advances that have occurred in the last 10 years, including more detailed knowledge of how cancer cells evolve and the role of different types of tumour cells in the progression of various cancers.