Breaking News
March 25, 2019 - Benefits of osteoporosis treatment in postmenopausal women outweigh the perceived risks
March 25, 2019 - Researchers find evidence of Cryptosporidium parasite in Minnesota’s public water systems
March 25, 2019 - Three Clues to Raised Risk of Miscarriage
March 25, 2019 - Structured play helps toddlers self-regulate, altering their life course
March 25, 2019 - Translating horror into justice: Stanford psychiatrist advocates for human rights
March 25, 2019 - HORIBA Medical introduces D-Dimer reagent for Yumizen G hemostasis range
March 25, 2019 - Recurrent pregnancy loss may be caused by sperm DNA damage, finds study
March 25, 2019 - Special Collection tracks development of new diagnostic tests for tuberculosis
March 25, 2019 - Air Force develops genetic test to predict mental performance
March 25, 2019 - To abort or not to abort—making difficult choices alone
March 25, 2019 - Computer vision technology could aid ICU care by spotting movement
March 25, 2019 - IONTAS wins ‘Small Business of the Year’ category at Cambridge News Business Excellence Awards 2019
March 25, 2019 - First postpartum depression drug gets FDA nod
March 25, 2019 - Research Recognition Award will help improve lives of young people with absence epilepsy
March 25, 2019 - Bisphosphonates to treat osteoporosis appears to be beneficial for all women
March 25, 2019 - Dolomite Bio releases new Drop-seq datasets for single-cell RNA sequencing
March 25, 2019 - Hemoglobin A1c blood test may underestimate prevalence of diabetes
March 25, 2019 - Eating leafy green vegetables may help maintain muscle strength and mobility
March 25, 2019 - BMA secures state-backed clinical negligence indemnity scheme for GP trainees
March 25, 2019 - Biohaven Announces Completion of Pre-NDA Meeting With FDA for Oral CGRP Receptor Antagonist Rimegepant
March 25, 2019 - Adding breakfast to classrooms may have a health downside
March 25, 2019 - She Was Dancing On The Roof And Talking Gibberish. A Special Kind Of ER Helped Her.
March 25, 2019 - KNAUER introduces new Sepapure FPLC columns and media for protein purification tasks
March 25, 2019 - Weight loss in obese migraine sufferers can improve their quality of life
March 25, 2019 - Exposure to particulate air pollution may lead to reduced sperm production
March 25, 2019 - Synthetic peptide appears to disrupt inflammation and protect kidneys from nephritis
March 25, 2019 - New guideline focuses on strategies to improve health of older adults with diabetes
March 25, 2019 - Study evaluates prescribing of preventive drugs at the end of life in older adults with cancer
March 25, 2019 - Radial or femoral approaches for PCI are equal in terms of survival in heart attack patients
March 25, 2019 - Study shows how some autoimmune diseases are more closely related than others
March 25, 2019 - Long term opioid medications impacts production of important hormones
March 25, 2019 - FDA Issues Complete Response Letter for Zynquista (sotagliflozin)
March 25, 2019 - CDC researchers report on trends in hospital breastfeeding policies
March 25, 2019 - States Push For Caregiver Tax Credits
March 25, 2019 - Females on ketogenic diet fail to show metabolic benefits in animal model
March 25, 2019 - Modulating stiffness of blood-forming stem cells could facilitate mobilization procedures
March 25, 2019 - Gene editing regulations to be tightened
March 25, 2019 - CPAP treatment can result in weight loss in people with sleep apnea and obseity
March 25, 2019 - Highly attractive businesswomen are considered less trustworthy ‘femmes fatales’
March 25, 2019 - Breast Density Categorization Varies With Screening Modality
March 25, 2019 - Researchers explore link between metal exposure and Parkinson’s symptoms
March 25, 2019 - Later meal timing may contribute to weight gain
March 25, 2019 - Around one in hundred people has autism spectrum condition in China
March 25, 2019 - Research paves way for new standard of care to improve heart’s pump function
March 25, 2019 - Exposure to HIV virus, antiretroviral therapy before birth linked to obesity and asthma-like symptoms
March 25, 2019 - Transgender men preserve their fertility potential after one year of testosterone therapy
March 25, 2019 - Tighter Blood Pressure Control May Prevent Brain Lesions
March 25, 2019 - A reward now or later? Exploring impulsivity in Parkinson’s disease patients
March 25, 2019 - Financial incentives fail to increase completion rates of colorectal cancer screening tests mailed to patients
March 25, 2019 - New research program launched to highlight sexual harassment in academia
March 25, 2019 - Hemoglobin A1c blood test does not detect diabetes in most patients, shows study
March 25, 2019 - Wyss Technology licensed by Sherlock Biosciences to create affordable molecular diagnostics
March 25, 2019 - DWK Life Sciences launches KIMBLE GLS 80 Media Bottle and Multiport Cap System
March 25, 2019 - New study aims to reduce online sexual exploitation of children
March 25, 2019 - Want healthier eating habits? Start with a workout
March 25, 2019 - New approach to prescribing antibiotics could curb resistance
March 24, 2019 - Theravance Biopharma Announces First Patient Dosed in Phase 2b/3 Study of TD-1473 in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis
March 24, 2019 - Prenatal DHA prevents blood-pressure increase from obesity during childhood
March 24, 2019 - Combined immunosuppression may be effective, safe in treating older patients with Crohn’s disease
March 24, 2019 - GSK sells health drinks arm, buys US cancer treatment firm
March 24, 2019 - Bacteria and innate immune factors in birth canal, cervix may be key to predicting preterm births
March 24, 2019 - IgG antibodies play unexpected role in atherosclerosis
March 24, 2019 - Sounds and vibrations are quite similar for the brain, finds new study
March 24, 2019 - Practices for Reducing COPD Hospital Readmissions Explored
March 24, 2019 - Could an eye doctor diagnose Alzheimer’s before you have symptoms?
March 24, 2019 - Enzyme inhibitor stops inflammation and neurodevelopmental disorders in mouse models
March 24, 2019 - Walk, Dance, Clean: Even a Little Activity Helps You Live Longer
March 24, 2019 - Americans used less eye care in 2014 versus 2008
March 24, 2019 - Study finds link between depression in 20s linked to memory loss in 50s
March 24, 2019 - New tool helps physiotherapy students to master complex fine motor skills
March 24, 2019 - The AMR Centre secures £2.3m funding boost
March 24, 2019 - Study examines effects of taking ondansetron during first trimester of pregnancy
March 24, 2019 - Researchers identify a more effective treatment for cancer
March 24, 2019 - Open-source solution for multiparametric optical mapping of the heart’s electrical activity
March 24, 2019 - New nanotechnology approach shows promise in treating triple negative breast cancer
March 24, 2019 - Trevena Announces Publication of APOLLO-1 Results in The Journal of Pain Research Highlighting Oliceridine’s Potential for Management of Moderate-to-Severe Acute Pain
March 24, 2019 - Maternal deaths following C-section 50 times higher in Africa compared to high-income countries
March 24, 2019 - Apple watch could detect irregular heart beat says study
March 24, 2019 - Queen Mary University of London’s BCI boosts radionuclide imaging capabilities with MILabs VECTor technology
March 24, 2019 - Girls should be encouraged to gain more ball skills, shows study
World’s largest neuromorphic supercomputer being switched on for the first time

World’s largest neuromorphic supercomputer being switched on for the first time

image_pdfDownload PDFimage_print

The world’s largest neuromorphic supercomputer designed and built to work in the same way a human brain does has been fitted with its landmark one-millionth processor core and is being switched on for the first time.

The newly formed million-processor-core ‘Spiking Neural Network Architecture’ or ‘SpiNNaker’ machine is capable of completing more than 200 million million actions per second, with each of its chips having 100 million moving parts.

To reach this point it has taken £15million in funding, 20 years in conception and over 10 years in construction, with the initial build starting way back in 2006. The project was initially funded by the EPSRC and is now supported by the European Human Brain Project. It is being switched on for the first time on Friday, 2 November.

The SpiNNaker machine, which was designed and built in The University of Manchester’s School of Computer Science, can model more biological neurons in real time than any other machine on the planet.

Biological neurons are basic brain cells present in the nervous system that communicate primarily by emitting ‘spikes’ of pure electro-chemical energy. Neuromorphic computing uses large scale computer systems containing electronic circuits to mimic these spikes in a machine.

SpiNNaker is unique because, unlike traditional computers, it doesn’t communicate by sending large amounts of information from point A to B via a standard network. Instead it mimics the massively parallel communication architecture of the brain, sending billions of small amounts of information simultaneously to thousands of different destinations.

Steve Furber, Professor of Computer Engineering, who conceived the initial idea for such a computer, said: “SpiNNaker completely re-thinks the way conventional computers work. We’ve essentially created a machine that works more like a brain than a traditional computer, which is extremely exciting.

“The ultimate objective for the project has always been a million cores in a single computer for real time brain modeling applications, and we have now achieved it, which is fantastic.”

The computer’s creators eventually aim to model up to a billion biological neurons in real time and are now a step closer. To give an idea of scale, a mouse brain consists of around 100 million neurons and the human brain is 1000 times bigger than that.
One billion neurons is 1% of the scale of the human brain, which consists of just under 100 billion brain cells, or neurons, which are all highly interconnected via approximately 1 quadrillion (that’s 1 with 15 zeros) synapses.

So, what is a million-core processor computer that mimics the way a brain works used for? One of its fundamental uses is to help neuroscientists better understand how our own brain works. It does this by running extremely large scale real-time simulations which simply aren’t possible on other machines.

For example, SpiNNaker has been used to simulate high-level real-time processing in a range of isolated brain networks. This includes an 80,000 neuron model of a segment of the cortex, the outer layer of the brain that receives and processes information from the senses.

It also has simulated a region of the brain called the Basal Ganglia – an area affected in Parkinson’s disease, meaning it has massive potential for neurological breakthroughs in science such as pharmaceutical testing.

The power of SpiNNaker has even recently been harnessed to control a robot, the SpOmnibot. This robot uses the SpiNNaker system to interpret real-time visual information and navigate towards certain objects while ignoring others.

Prof Furber added: “neuroscientists can now use SpiNNaker to help unlock some of the secrets of how the human brain works by running unprecedentedly large scale simulations. It also works as real-time neural simulator that allows roboticists to design large scale neural networks into mobile robots so they can walk, talk and move with flexibility and low power.”

Source:

https://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/human-brain-supercomputer-with-1million-processors-switched-on-for-first-time/

Tagged with:

About author

Related Articles