Scanning electron micrograph of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, which cause TB. Credit: NIAID A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. and one in France has found a molecule that is effective against tuberculosis. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group identifies the molecule and describes how well it worked when tested […]Continue Reading ...
“Spit here, please.” Will this become the instruction we receive upon entering clinics, schools, apothecaries and ports of entry throughout the globe? One of the main factors enabling the continued transmission of malaria are individuals who are free from symptoms but carry the malaria parasite in their blood. However, the parasite numbers in the blood […]Continue Reading ...
Ectopic localization of embedded sand fleas on the back of the hand. Credit: Feldmeier, et al. (2018) Tungiasis, a tropical disease associated with poverty, is caused by the penetration of female sand fleas into a person’s skin, usually in their toes or feet. This week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, researchers report five cases of […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain New research by the University of Bristol in collaboration with Medical Detection Dogs has found that the best trained alert dogs have the potential to vastly improve the quality of life of people living with Type 1 diabetes. As reported in PLOS One, on average trained dogs alerted their owners to […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—Depending on the definition used, there are large variations in the proportion of patients identified as having moderate-to-severe psoriasis, according to a study published in the December issue of the British Journal of Dermatology. Matthias Augustin, M.D., from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf in Germany, and colleagues analyzed disease severity using the Psoriasis Area and […]Continue Reading ...
A Bangladeshi father dubbed “Tree Man” for the bark-like growths on his body returned to hospital on Sunday after his condition worsened, he told AFP. Abul Bajandar has had 25 surgeries since 2016 to remove the growths from his hands and feet at Dhaka Medical College Hospital. Doctors were on the verge of declaring their […]Continue Reading ...
Fatty liver, liver steatosis, 3D illustration and photomicrograph of triglyceride fat accumulated inside liver cells, as occurs in both alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Credit: Kateryna Kon, Shutterstock A new study by Keck School of Medicine of USC researchers shows there’s yet another reason to avoid a high fat, high cholesterol diet: It can […]Continue Reading ...
(HealthDay)—The American Society of Hematology (ASH) has developed new guidelines for the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE); the clinical practice guidelines were recently published in Blood Advances. The guidelines address prophylaxis for hospitalized and nonhospitalized medical patients, diagnosis of VTE, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, treatment of pediatric VTE, VTE in the context of pregnancy, and the optimal […]Continue Reading ...
Boris Hinz, a distinguished professor at the Faculty of Dentistry, was the principal investigator of the study that identified the mechanisms underlying the development of fibrosis in the lungs. Credit: University of Toronto Researchers have long known that fibrosis – scarred tissue and organs – is caused by a wound healing mechanism that goes awry […]Continue Reading ...
As a raft of new treatments for HIV infection have come on the market in the past 20 years, AIDS patients got access to drugs that allowed them to live longer. “These drugs are miracles,” said Dr. Richard N. Greenberg, an infectious disease specialist at the University of Kentucky. “Before the advent of anti-retroviral drugs, […]Continue Reading ...
Electron microscopy of influenza virus. Credit: CDC In patients with kidney failure, influenza-like illness (ILI) likely contributes to more than 1,000 deaths per year. The finding, which comes from a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), points to the importance of protection against, surveillance of, […]Continue Reading ...
M. leprae, one of the causative agents of leprosy. Credit: Public Domain Dangerous infectious diseases such as AIDS/HIV, Zika, Ebola and influenza frequently make headlines, and it seems as if there is no end of media attention and research interest focused on them. Conversely, diseases like leishmaniasis, Chagas and rabies seem to receive relatively little […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain A research team led by scientists at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health report on a new method to help health officials control outbreaks of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, a life-threatening antibiotic-resistant infection often seen in hospitals. The researchers are the first to reveal the invisible dynamics governing […]Continue Reading ...
Credit: CC0 Public Domain The identification of the recent spread of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) in a Brooklyn religious enclave is helping medical experts better understand how certain high-risk populations can drive the evolution of antimicrobial resistance and identify steps that can be taken to curtail its spread, according to a new study. Publishing […]Continue Reading ...
Micrograph showing inflammation of the large bowel in a case of inflammatory bowel disease. Colonic biopsy. Credit: Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 3.0 A team of researchers with members from the Netherlands and the U.S. has found differences in the numbers of gut microbes for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In their […]Continue Reading ...
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